Create strong cryptographic passwords
The SHA1 Password Calculator Pwcalc works as safely as a meat grinder: If you put in a pig and turn the crank, you will get minced meat. But pushing back the minced meat while turning the crank backwards, will not bring back the pig. That is quite secure.
This app runs locally without using the network. The source code is available on GitHub:
In contrast to other apps strong passwords are calculated and not just generated. No confidential data is stored and no special app permissions are required.
You chose a single secret word (your secret master password) and an alias for the service the password is needed for (the pig), e.g. mysecret + gmail.com. Next the cryptographic hash function SHA-1 is applied to this combined word which at the end produces a strong unique password (the minced meat). This calculated password is then copied to the clipboard to be used wherever it is needed.
In a simplified form it works like this:
secret word + alias | sha1 | base64
Although all this might seem complicated it is actually technically quite simple.
On standard MacOS X or Linux you can calculate the password in a terminal with existing commands:
echo -n "mysecretgmail.com" | shasum | xxd -r -p | base64
The calculated password is:
(On Linux you might have to replace "shasum" by "sha1sum".)